Exercise and sports medicine are one of the fastest-growing fields in health care today. Its primary focus is to help people to improve their athletic performance. It also focuses on assisting individuals to recover from and prevent future injuries. Furthermore, it touches on performance training, rehabilitation, and nutrition to help athletes to improve in their sport.
Although many people think of it as a field that is specific to athletes, healthcare professionals that specialize in it help all kinds of people. An exercise and sports medicine professional will treat an amateur athlete as well as those who:
- want to get better results from an exercise program
- have suffered an injury and need to regain their function
- have a disability and are trying to increase their capability and mobility
Development of Exercise and Sports Medicine
Exercise and Sports Medicine has developed adequate rehabilitation and proper diagnoses following injuries. Furthermore, the field now increasingly understands the importance of exercises and physical activities as prophylactic modalities in individuals with chronic diseases and the rehabilitation of persons after an illness, injury, or disability.
Today, doctors and other professionals who specialize in sports medicine often help with the diagnosis, surgical, and non-surgical management of injuries. Although most sports injuries do not require surgical management, there are always exceptions. It may be necessary to offer this kind of management to repair:
- Damaged knee ligaments and cartilage
- AC shoulder injuries
Surgery can also come in handy when trying to repair soft tissues, re-position a person’s joints, and align bones. Doctors will see all patients who have both acute and overuse injuries. Acute injuries can include fractures and sprains, while overuse injuries can consist of tendinopathy and bony stress injuries.
In general, doctors can deal with many issues that are vital to the wellbeing and performance of an athlete, such as:
- Performance optimization
- Sports endocrinology
- Exercise physiology
- Iron issues
Benefits of exercise and sports medicine
Some of the benefits of exercise and sports medicine include:
- Ensures athletes and other individuals get specialized care
- Enhances the prevention and reoccurrence of injuries
- Offers advanced treatment options such as stem cell therapy and platelet-rich plasma
- Improves athletic performance
Specialists in this field also know about developing customized training programs that fit an individual’s strengths, weaknesses, and needs. Since this area of medicine has been advancing in recent years, experts now have the right tools for evaluating the anatomical factors of an athlete. They can also recommend the proper training regimen and identify the different areas an athlete should improve.
Exercise and sports medicine professionals can help patients to maximize their body function and minimize any form of disability. They achieve this by diagnosing a problem and making recommendations on the right rehabilitation programs to follow. Also, they try to ensure that athletes have enough rehabilitation to prevent them from returning to their sport early. That is crucial because it ensures they do not return in suboptimal conditions.