Covid 19 infections and deaths are increasing every day globally, which means humankind should remain vigilant and hold on to the health precautions even a year after the pandemic’s outbreak. These changes have been incorporated into the routines and are adapted to everyday life, which is vital now and in the future. According to the live world meter, Dec 20 2020, global coronavirus cases are 76,620, 145 with 1,691,771 deaths and 53,747,151 recoveries with 21, 181,222 active cases. A total of 218 countries and territories are affected worldwide, the US having the highest number of cases followed by India, Brazil, Russia, and France in that order. The USA is currently having 18,077,768 cases and 323,401deaths. The SARS-CoV-2 causes Covid 19, which affects both the upper and lower respiratory tract. A Chinese study confirmed the mutative and change nature of the coronavirus (WHO, 2020). Coronavirus causes respiratory failure, liver diseases, heart problems, shock, and death. Initial symptoms include chest pains, shortness of breath, severe headache, and fever.
Mental preparation for Covid 19
Covid 19 caught the world unaware, and no one anticipated a tremendous negative impact on livelihoods. Despite mental health issues being caused by Covid 19 disease, change of routine to incorporate social distance, use of masks, and frequent sanitization for preventing coronavirus infection, left people with anxiety and mental instability. Due to closed businesses, loss of income, grief, and isolation experiences triggered mental disorders, causing increased drug abuse, depression, and insomnia. An update from the mayo clinic health system suggests that scheduling more virtual interactions, acknowledging and appreciating change like in holiday celebrations, getting enough rest, engaging in physical activities, and frequently seeking mental health solutions from experts will help with Covid 19 mental preparation.
Most affected groups
In a European cohort study, an agency of the European Union (2020) reports the effect of the Covid 19 infection’s underlying condition. People with hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, kidney diseases, obesity, and other immunosuppressing chronic diseases are most affected by Covid 19. Children and adolescents with less developed immune systems are at risk too. Older people aged 60 years and above and those in long-term care facilities are socially and medically vulnerable, putting them at risk of coronavirus infection. Due to social distance, the old are less visited by family and friends due to their vulnerabilities even during festive seasons, leading to a feeling of abandonment and loneliness.
Long term effects of covid 19
The Centre for Disease Prevention and control confirms that other organs apart from the lungs are affected by Covid 19. More researches are underway to prove how long symptoms last after a patient has recovered from covid 19. CDC reports fatigue, concentration difficulties, heart palpitations, joint and chest pains, shortness of breath, depression, headaches, and cough as the long term symptoms for covid 19. Reports explain how other organs may undergo severe effects from covid 19. Heart muscle Inflammation in the cardiovascular system, abnormalities in the lungs’ functioning in the respiratory system, and neurological problems. Kidney injuries affect the renal system. Changes in mood, depression and increased anxiety affects the psychiatric system.
Updated Covid 19 treatment
The PCR and antigen tests are commonly used to test the presence of Covid 19. The PCR test is more reliable than the antigen tests, which have its sensibility; positives but not negatives can be relied on. The PCR test takes 2-3 hours to give results, while the antigen test takes 15-20 minutes (Bastos et al., 2020). The antigen test finds the viral proteins while the PCR test copies the RNA of this virus. The two tests are similar, and a nose smear should be done to differentiate. On Nov 19, 2020, the combination of the remdesivir and baricitinib was recommended by the FDA to be used as an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) on hospitalized children 2 years and above requiring oxygen supplementation.
Covid 19 has overgrown the estimated numbers and spread across the whole world in less than a year. Developing firm control measures, including a reliable vaccine, should be the world’s major health priority. Planning carefully and thoroughly should take place to provide access to the vaccine for all. With the vaccine’s introduction, the preventive measures shouldn’t be lifted; otherwise, the vaccine will be less effective. Health care personnel and individual at risk should be prioritized when distributing the vaccines, and monopolization of the vaccine should be prohibited to save lives.